SOP for reopening of schools

                                                                                                                                             8th September, 2020

                                                                                                              Government of India

      Ministry of Health & Family Welfar

     Directorate General of Health Services

                     (EMR Division)

SOP for partial reopening of Schools for students of 9th to 12th classes on a voluntary basis, for taking
guidance from their teachers: In the context of COVID-19
1. Background

Government of India is following a phase-wise unlocking of activities. In days to come, this would also
involve partial resumption of activities in schools for students of classes 9th to 12th on a voluntary basis,
for taking guidance from their teachers. This would be allowed from 21st September 2020.
2. Scope

This SOP outlines various generic precautionary measures to be adopted in addition to specific measures
to be taken when schools are permitting students (for 9th to 12th class) in the specific context detailed at
para-1 above, to prevent spread of COVID-19. All States/UTs are expected to comply with the COVID-19
related guidelines issued by Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
3. Generic Preventive Measures

The generic preventive measures include simple public health measures that are to be followed to reduce
the risk of COVID-19. These measures need to be observed by all (teachers, employees and students) in
these places at all times.
These include:
i. Physical distancing of at least 6 feet to be followed as far as feasible.
ii. Use of face covers/masks to be made mandatory.
iii. Frequent hand washing with soap (for at least 40-60 seconds) even when hands are not visibly dirty.
Use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers (for at least 20 seconds) can be done wherever feasible.
iv. Respiratory etiquettes to be strictly followed. This involves strict practice of covering one’s mouth
and nose while coughing/sneezing with a tissue/handkerchief/flexed elbow and disposing off used
tissues properly.
v. Self-monitoring of health by all and reporting any illness at the earliest.
vi. Spitting shall be strictly prohibited.
vii. Installation & use of Aarogya Setu App may be advised wherever feasible.

4. All schools (with classes IX to XII) shall specifically ensure the following arrangements
i. Online/distance learning shall continue to be permitted and shall be encouraged.
ii. Students of class 9th to 12th shall be permitted to visit their school on voluntary basis for taking
guidance from their teachers. This will be subject to written consent of their parents/guardians.
Such visits and teacher – student interaction must be organized in a staggered manner.
4.1 Before opening up of the school
a) Planning of reopening of school
i. School outside the containment zones only shall be allowed to open. Further, students,
teachers and employees living in containment zones will not be allowed to attend the school.
Students, teachers and employees shall also be advised not to visit areas falling within
containment zones.
ii. Prior to resumption of activities, all work areas intended for teaching/demonstrations etc.,
including laboratories, other common utility areas shall be sanitized with 1% sodium
hypochlorite solution, with particular attention to frequently touched surfaces.
iii. Schools that were used as quarantine centres will be properly sanitized and deep cleaned
before partial functioning is resumed. Guidelines issued by Ministry of Health & Family
Welfare for disinfection of common public places including offices may be referred to in this
regard)
(https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/Guidelinesondisinfectionofcommonpublicplacesincludingo
ffices.pdf)
iv. The concerned teaching and non-teaching employees (up to 50 % of the strength) may be
called to schools for online teaching/tele-counselling and related work.
v. Students from class 9th to 12th will have the option of attending the classes remotely/virtually
or physically only on a voluntary basis for guidance from their teachers subject to written
permission of parent / guardian.
vi. Instead of biometric attendance alternate arrangements for contactless attendance shall be
made by the school administration.
vii. At all times, the teachers and students shall maintain a physical distancing of 6 feet apart,
wherever feasible. Scheduling of activities and seating plan shall be made accordingly.
viii. Ensure hand washing facilities along with provision of soap.
ix. For ensuring queue management, inside and outside the premises, specific markings on the
floor with a gap of 6 feet may be made. Similarly, physical distancing shall also be maintained
in staff rooms, office areas (including reception area), and other places (mess, libraries,
cafeterias, etc.)
x. Weather permitting, outdoor spaces may be utilized for conducting teacher student
interactions, keeping in view the safety and security of students and physical distancing
protocols.

xi. Assemblies, sports and events that can lead to overcrowding are strictly prohibited.
xii. The schoolshould display State helpline numbers and also numbers of local health authorities
etc. to teachers /students / employees to contact in case of any emergency.
xiii. For air-conditioning/ventilation, the guidelines of CPWD shall be followed which emphasizes
that the temperature setting of all air conditioning devices should be in the range of 24-30o
C, relative humidity should be in the range of 40-70%, intake of fresh air should be as much
as possible and cross ventilation should be adequate.
xiv. Lockers of students will remain in use, as long as physical distancing and regular disinfection
is maintained.
xv. Gymnasiums shall follow MoHFW guidelines (available at:
https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/Guidelinesonyogainstitutesandgymnasiums03082020.pdf).
xvi. Swimming Pool (wherever applicable) shall remain closed.
b) Planning and scheduling of activities
All employees who are at higher risk i.e. older employees, pregnant employees and employees who
have underlying medical conditions to take extra precautions. They should preferably not be exposed
to any front-line work requiring direct contact with the students.
iGOT online modules training course on ‘basic awareness on COVID’
(https://diksha.gov.in/igot/explore-course/course/do_313010389971255296164) may be undertaken
by all employee and students during online interactions or guidance sessions on the first day.
c) Availability and management of supplies
i. Appropriate back-up stock of personal protection itemslike face covers/masks, visors, hand sanitizers
etc. shall be made available by management to the teachers and employee.
ii. Provide an adequate supply of thermal guns, alcohol wipes or 1% sodium hypochlorite solutions and
disposable paper towels, soap, IEC materials on COVID.
iii. Pulse oximeter to check oxygen saturation levels of any symptomatic person must be arranged.
iv. Ensure availability of sufficient covered dustbins and trash cans
v. Provision for proper disposal of used personal protective items and general waste in accordance with
CPCB guidelines (available at: https://cpcb.nic.in/uploads/Projects/Bio-Medical-Waste/BMWGUIDELINES-COVID_1.pdf)
vi. Housekeeping employee to be informed & trained about norms for waste management & disposal
4.2 After opening of the schools
a) At the entry point
i. Entrance to have mandatory hand hygiene (sanitizer dispenser) and thermal screening provisions.
Multiple gates/separate gates, if feasible, should be used for entry and exit.
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ii. Only asymptomatic persons (teachers, employees and students) to be allowed in the premises. If
a teacher/employee/student is found to be symptomatic, he/she should be referred to nearest
health center.
iii. Posters/standees on preventive measures about COVID-19 to be displayed prominently.
iv. Proper crowd management in the parking lots, in corridors and in elevators – duly following
physical distancing norms shall be organized.
v. Entry of visitors should be strictly regulated/restricted.
b) Conduct of guidance activities in the rooms or open spaces within the school campus
i. Seating arrangement to ensure a distance of 6 feet between chairs, desks etc.
ii. Staggering of guidance activities to be done, with separate timing slots, to allow for adequate physical
distancing and disinfection of classroom premises
iii. The teaching faculty will ensure that they themselves and students wear masks throughout the
conduct of the teaching/guidance activities.
iv. Sharing of items like notebook, pens/pencil, eraser, water bottle etc. amongst students should not be
allowed.
c) Conduct of skill based training in workshops/laboratories
i. For practical activities in laboratories maximum capacity per session based on redesigned spaces,
may be planned and scheduled accordingly.
ii. Ensure that the equipments have been disinfected, particularly the frequently touched surfaces
before and after each use.
iii. Ensure a floor area of 4m2 per person is available for working on equipment/work station.
iv. Ensure that members sanitize their hands before and after using training equipment. For such
purpose hand sanitizer should be provided at workstations/simulation labs etc.
d) Activities in common areas – library, mess/canteen, common rooms, gymnasium etc.
i. Physical distancing of 6 feet needs to be maintained
ii. Persons using the common areas need to use mask/face cover all the time
iii. Cafeteria/mess facility, if any within the premises, shall remain closed.
e) Transportation to and from the institution
If transportation facility is being managed by the school, proper physical distancing, sanitization of
buses/other transport vehicles (with 1% sodium hypochlorite) shall be ensured.
5. Hygiene and Sanitation
i. Daily cleaning of the floors shall be taken up.
ii. Provision of soap in toilets and hand sanitizers in other common areas in sufficient quantity must
be ensured.
iii. Cleaning and regular disinfection (using 1% sodium hypochlorite) of frequently touched surfaces
(door knobs, elevator buttons, hand rails, chairs, benches, washroom fixtures, etc.) to be made
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mandatory in all class rooms, laboratories, lockers, parking areas, other common areas etc. before
beginning of classes and at the end of the day.
iv. Teaching materials, computers, laptops, printers, shall be disinfected with 70% alcohol wipes.
v. Deep cleaning of all drinking and hand washing stations, washrooms and lavatories shall be
ensured.
vi. Students and employee should be advised to dispose of used face covers / masks in separate
covered bins placed in classrooms, work stations and other common areas. The same may remain
stored in the bins for 3 days and disposed of as dry general solid waste after cutting/shredding.
vii. Students should not be involved in any of the cleaning activities for health safety reasons.
6. Risk Communication
i. Create awareness to ensure the students do not gather when leaving the school and in their free
time.
ii. Sensitize students, parents, teachers and employees to create awareness on COVID appropriate
behavior, as detailed under generic measures above.
iii. If a student, teacher or employee is sick, they should not come to the school and follow necessary
protocols in this regard.
7. Psycho-social wellbeing
i. Ensure regular counselling is done for students and teachers reporting mental health issues such
as anxiety and depression.
ii. It is advisable that teachers, school counsellors and school health workers should work in unison
to ensure emotional safety of the students.
8. SOP to be followed in case a student/teacher/employee develops symptoms (fever, cough,
difficulty in breathing)
i. Place the ill person in a room or area where they are isolated from others.
ii. Inform parents/guardians as the case may be.
iii. Patient will remain isolated while wearing a mask/face cover till such time they are examined by
a doctor.
iv. Immediately inform the nearest medical facility (hospital/clinic) or call the state or district
helpline.
v. A risk assessment shall be undertaken by the designated public health authority (district
RRT/treating physician) and accordingly further action be initiated regarding management of
case, their contacts and need for disinfection.
vi. Disinfection of the premises to be taken up if the person is found positive.      

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